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USS Arizona

 

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USS Arizona was laid down on 16 March 1914 at the Brooklyn navy yard in New York, she was commissioned into the united states navy on 17 October 1916 and was the last of the Pennsylvania-class battleships.

During Arizona’s sea trials the ship experienced several problems with her engines and she spent months in dry dock for these problems to be rectified, by march of 1917 the work on the ship was completed.

On April 3, 1917 Arizona left the shipyard and was assigned to the Atlantic fleet as a gunnery training ship, arizona continued her duties as a training ship throughout the 1920s until undergoing an extensive modernization in 1929, her new upgrades included new turbines and boilers, the replacement of her lattice masts with tripod masts, compressed-air catapult replacment, fitting of torpedo bulges, additional armour was also added to protect the ship from air attack, the modifications took 2 years to complete with Arizona coming back into service during the early part of 1931.

Following the outbreak of world war 2 in September 1939 and the decline of relations between the united states and Japan the Arizona had been taking part in exercises with other ships of the pacific fleet in preparation of possible fighting in the pacific, on December 7 1941 the Arizona was moored in battleship row near ford island at pearl harbour along with her sister ship the USS Pennsylvania and 7 other ships of the pacific fleet including repair ship USS Vestal which was moored next to the Arizona.

shortly before 08:00 local time Japanese aircraft appeared over pearl harbour with the Arizona coming under attack almost immediately, she was struck by several bombs and at approximately 8.06 the Arizona was hit by a 800 kilogram bomb near turret two this set of another explosion from within the ship believed to have been caused by her black powder magazines exploding, this devastated the forward part of the ship 

All eight ships moored in battleship row where attacked with the Arizona sustaining the most damage and loss of life the USS West Virginia, Oklahoma, California were all sunk along with the Arizona, Battleships Nevada Tennessee, and Maryland were all hit by bombs and damaged but did not sink, the Repair ship USS Vestal which had been moored next to the Arizona received damage and caught fire in several places but most of the flames were extinguished by the devastating blast on the Arizona, the USS Pennsylvania was in dry-dock at the time of the attack, although she was hit by 1 bomb the sister ship to Arizona was relatively unscathed.

The Wreck of the USS Arizona still remains at Pearl harbour as a memorial to commemorate the 1,177 crew members lost, as of 2006, 28 crewmembers from the 223 survivors of the Arizona have had their ashes interred into the ship.

The Arizona memorial is one of Hawaii’s top tourist attractions

 


 

Video Footage of  USS Arizona

 

 

 

   


 
Ship Specifications


  

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  • Size: Medium
  • Type : Pennsylvania-class battleship
  • Length: 608 feet
  • Beam: 97 feet 
  • Tonnage: 29,626 Standard Displacement
  • Speed: 21 knots
  • Armament: 4 × 3 – 14-inch/45 guns
    22 × 1 – 5-inch/51 guns
    4 × 1 – 3-inch/50 AA guns
    2 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
  • Crew: 915
  • Launched: 19 june 1915
  • Commissioned: 4:09pm 17 October 1916
  • Decommissioned: 29 December 1941
  • Current status: Sunk in Jappanese Attack on Pearl Harbor 1941, Now a Memorial and tourist attraction (See Photo Left)

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Nautical Phrase's

Cut and Run: If a captain of a small ship encountered a large enemy vessel he would order the crew to cut the lashings on all the sails and run away.

Freeze the balls of off a brass monkey: On ships, cannon balls were sometimes stacked on a flat plate what was called a monkey, usually made from brass. When it got really cold the monkey would contract making some of the cannon balls fall off.

Over a barrel: the main method of punishment aboard ship was flogging which usually involved the sailor being tied over the barrel of a deck cannon whilst the punishment was administered.

Pipe down: was the last signal from the Bosun's pipe each day which meant "lights out" and "silence".

Rummage Sale: comes from the french word "arrimage" meaning ship's cargo any damaged cargo would be sold at a rummage sale.

Bamboozle: from the Spanish custom of hoisting false flags to deceive confuse or bamboozle the enemy

Fealing Groggy: sailors received a daily ration of rum which was diluted with water this mixture was known as Grog,A sailor who drank too much grog was “groggy”.

No room to swing a cat: if a sailor was to receve punishment The entire ship’s company was required to witness the flogging, members of The crew might crowd around so that the Bosun’s Mate might not have enough room to swing his cat o’ nine tails.

Footloose: The bottom portion of a sail is called the foot. If it is not secured properly, it is footloose and it flaps about randomly in the wind.